source: appstream-generator/contrib/setup/js_tmp/Flot/examples/axes-time-zones/tz/antarctica @ 4841

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1# <pre>
2# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
3# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
4
5# From Paul Eggert (1999-11-15):
6# To keep things manageable, we list only locations occupied year-round; see
7# <a href="http://www.comnap.aq/comnap/comnap.nsf/P/Stations/">
8# COMNAP - Stations and Bases
9# </a>
10# and
11# <a href="http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk/bob/periant.htm">
12# Summary of the Peri-Antarctic Islands (1998-07-23)
13# </a>
14# for information.
15# Unless otherwise specified, we have no time zone information.
16#
17# Except for the French entries,
18# I made up all time zone abbreviations mentioned here; corrections welcome!
19# FORMAT is `zzz' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.
20
21# These rules are stolen from the `southamerica' file.
22# Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
23Rule    ArgAQ   1964    1966    -       Mar      1      0:00    0       -
24Rule    ArgAQ   1964    1966    -       Oct     15      0:00    1:00    S
25Rule    ArgAQ   1967    only    -       Apr      2      0:00    0       -
26Rule    ArgAQ   1967    1968    -       Oct     Sun>=1  0:00    1:00    S
27Rule    ArgAQ   1968    1969    -       Apr     Sun>=1  0:00    0       -
28Rule    ArgAQ   1974    only    -       Jan     23      0:00    1:00    S
29Rule    ArgAQ   1974    only    -       May      1      0:00    0       -
30Rule    ChileAQ 1972    1986    -       Mar     Sun>=9  3:00u   0       -
31Rule    ChileAQ 1974    1987    -       Oct     Sun>=9  4:00u   1:00    S
32Rule    ChileAQ 1987    only    -       Apr     12      3:00u   0       -
33Rule    ChileAQ 1988    1989    -       Mar     Sun>=9  3:00u   0       -
34Rule    ChileAQ 1988    only    -       Oct     Sun>=1  4:00u   1:00    S
35Rule    ChileAQ 1989    only    -       Oct     Sun>=9  4:00u   1:00    S
36Rule    ChileAQ 1990    only    -       Mar     18      3:00u   0       -
37Rule    ChileAQ 1990    only    -       Sep     16      4:00u   1:00    S
38Rule    ChileAQ 1991    1996    -       Mar     Sun>=9  3:00u   0       -
39Rule    ChileAQ 1991    1997    -       Oct     Sun>=9  4:00u   1:00    S
40Rule    ChileAQ 1997    only    -       Mar     30      3:00u   0       -
41Rule    ChileAQ 1998    only    -       Mar     Sun>=9  3:00u   0       -
42Rule    ChileAQ 1998    only    -       Sep     27      4:00u   1:00    S
43Rule    ChileAQ 1999    only    -       Apr      4      3:00u   0       -
44Rule    ChileAQ 1999    2010    -       Oct     Sun>=9  4:00u   1:00    S
45Rule    ChileAQ 2000    2007    -       Mar     Sun>=9  3:00u   0       -
46# N.B.: the end of March 29 in Chile is March 30 in Universal time,
47# which is used below in specifying the transition.
48Rule    ChileAQ 2008    only    -       Mar     30      3:00u   0       -
49Rule    ChileAQ 2009    only    -       Mar     Sun>=9  3:00u   0       -
50Rule    ChileAQ 2010    only    -       Apr     Sun>=1  3:00u   0       -
51Rule    ChileAQ 2011    only    -       May     Sun>=2  3:00u   0       -
52Rule    ChileAQ 2011    only    -       Aug     Sun>=16 4:00u   1:00    S
53Rule    ChileAQ 2012    only    -       Apr     Sun>=23 3:00u   0       -
54Rule    ChileAQ 2012    only    -       Sep     Sun>=2  4:00u   1:00    S
55Rule    ChileAQ 2013    max     -       Mar     Sun>=9  3:00u   0       -
56Rule    ChileAQ 2013    max     -       Oct     Sun>=9  4:00u   1:00    S
57
58# These rules are stolen from the `australasia' file.
59Rule    AusAQ   1917    only    -       Jan      1      0:01    1:00    -
60Rule    AusAQ   1917    only    -       Mar     25      2:00    0       -
61Rule    AusAQ   1942    only    -       Jan      1      2:00    1:00    -
62Rule    AusAQ   1942    only    -       Mar     29      2:00    0       -
63Rule    AusAQ   1942    only    -       Sep     27      2:00    1:00    -
64Rule    AusAQ   1943    1944    -       Mar     lastSun 2:00    0       -
65Rule    AusAQ   1943    only    -       Oct      3      2:00    1:00    -
66Rule    ATAQ    1967    only    -       Oct     Sun>=1  2:00s   1:00    -
67Rule    ATAQ    1968    only    -       Mar     lastSun 2:00s   0       -
68Rule    ATAQ    1968    1985    -       Oct     lastSun 2:00s   1:00    -
69Rule    ATAQ    1969    1971    -       Mar     Sun>=8  2:00s   0       -
70Rule    ATAQ    1972    only    -       Feb     lastSun 2:00s   0       -
71Rule    ATAQ    1973    1981    -       Mar     Sun>=1  2:00s   0       -
72Rule    ATAQ    1982    1983    -       Mar     lastSun 2:00s   0       -
73Rule    ATAQ    1984    1986    -       Mar     Sun>=1  2:00s   0       -
74Rule    ATAQ    1986    only    -       Oct     Sun>=15 2:00s   1:00    -
75Rule    ATAQ    1987    1990    -       Mar     Sun>=15 2:00s   0       -
76Rule    ATAQ    1987    only    -       Oct     Sun>=22 2:00s   1:00    -
77Rule    ATAQ    1988    1990    -       Oct     lastSun 2:00s   1:00    -
78Rule    ATAQ    1991    1999    -       Oct     Sun>=1  2:00s   1:00    -
79Rule    ATAQ    1991    2005    -       Mar     lastSun 2:00s   0       -
80Rule    ATAQ    2000    only    -       Aug     lastSun 2:00s   1:00    -
81Rule    ATAQ    2001    max     -       Oct     Sun>=1  2:00s   1:00    -
82Rule    ATAQ    2006    only    -       Apr     Sun>=1  2:00s   0       -
83Rule    ATAQ    2007    only    -       Mar     lastSun 2:00s   0       -
84Rule    ATAQ    2008    max     -       Apr     Sun>=1  2:00s   0       -
85
86# Argentina - year-round bases
87# Belgrano II, Confin Coast, -770227-0343737, since 1972-02-05
88# Esperanza, San Martin Land, -6323-05659, since 1952-12-17
89# Jubany, Potter Peninsula, King George Island, -6414-0602320, since 1982-01
90# Marambio, Seymour I, -6414-05637, since 1969-10-29
91# Orcadas, Laurie I, -6016-04444, since 1904-02-22
92# San Martin, Debenham I, -6807-06708, since 1951-03-21
93#       (except 1960-03 / 1976-03-21)
94
95# Australia - territories
96# Heard Island, McDonald Islands (uninhabited)
97#       previously sealers and scientific personnel wintered
98#       <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20021204222245/http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html">
99#       Margaret Turner reports
100#       </a> (1999-09-30) that they're UTC+5, with no DST;
101#       presumably this is when they have visitors.
102#
103# year-round bases
104# Casey, Bailey Peninsula, -6617+11032, since 1969
105# Davis, Vestfold Hills, -6835+07759, since 1957-01-13
106#       (except 1964-11 - 1969-02)
107# Mawson, Holme Bay, -6736+06253, since 1954-02-13
108
109# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-11):
110# Three Australian stations in Antarctica have changed their time zone:
111# Casey moved from UTC+8 to UTC+11
112# Davis moved from UTC+7 to UTC+5
113# Mawson moved from UTC+6 to UTC+5
114# The changes occurred on 2009-10-18 at 02:00 (local times).
115#
116# Government source: (Australian Antarctic Division)
117# <a href="http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=37079">
118# http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=37079
119# </a>
120#
121# We have more background information here:
122# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antarctica-new-times.html">
123# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antarctica-new-times.html
124# </a>
125
126# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-10):
127# We got these changes from the Australian Antarctic Division:
128# - Macquarie Island will stay on UTC+11 for winter and therefore not
129# switch back from daylight savings time when other parts of Australia do
130# on 4 April.
131#
132# - Casey station reverted to its normal time of UTC+8 on 5 March 2010.
133# The change to UTC+11 is being considered as a regular summer thing but
134# has not been decided yet.
135#
136# - Davis station will revert to its normal time of UTC+7 at 10 March 2010
137# 20:00 UTC.
138#
139# - Mawson station stays on UTC+5.
140#
141# In addition to the Rule changes for Casey/Davis, it means that Macquarie
142# will no longer be like Hobart and will have to have its own Zone created.
143#
144# Background:
145# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html">
146# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html
147# </a>
148
149# Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
150Zone Antarctica/Casey   0       -       zzz     1969
151                        8:00    -       WST     2009 Oct 18 2:00
152                                                # Western (Aus) Standard Time
153                        11:00   -       CAST    2010 Mar 5 2:00
154                                                # Casey Time
155                        8:00    -       WST     2011 Oct 28 2:00
156                        11:00   -       CAST    2012 Feb 21 17:00u
157                        8:00    -       WST
158Zone Antarctica/Davis   0       -       zzz     1957 Jan 13
159                        7:00    -       DAVT    1964 Nov # Davis Time
160                        0       -       zzz     1969 Feb
161                        7:00    -       DAVT    2009 Oct 18 2:00
162                        5:00    -       DAVT    2010 Mar 10 20:00u
163                        7:00    -       DAVT    2011 Oct 28 2:00
164                        5:00    -       DAVT    2012 Feb 21 20:00u
165                        7:00    -       DAVT
166Zone Antarctica/Mawson  0       -       zzz     1954 Feb 13
167                        6:00    -       MAWT    2009 Oct 18 2:00
168                                                # Mawson Time
169                        5:00    -       MAWT
170Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0     -       zzz     1911
171                        10:00   -       EST     1916 Oct 1 2:00
172                        10:00   1:00    EST     1917 Feb
173                        10:00   AusAQ   EST     1967
174                        10:00   ATAQ    EST     2010 Apr 4 3:00
175                        11:00   -       MIST    # Macquarie Island Time
176# References:
177# <a href="http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/casey/casey_aws.html">
178# Casey Weather (1998-02-26)
179# </a>
180# <a href="http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/davis/video.html">
181# Davis Station, Antarctica (1998-02-26)
182# </a>
183# <a href="http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/mawson/video.html">
184# Mawson Station, Antarctica (1998-02-25)
185# </a>
186
187# Brazil - year-round base
188# Comandante Ferraz, King George Island, -6205+05824, since 1983/4
189
190# Chile - year-round bases and towns
191# Escudero, South Shetland Is, -621157-0585735, since 1994
192# Presidente Eduadro Frei, King George Island, -6214-05848, since 1969-03-07
193# General Bernardo O'Higgins, Antarctic Peninsula, -6319-05704, since 1948-02
194# Capitan Arturo Prat, -6230-05941
195# Villa Las Estrellas (a town), around the Frei base, since 1984-04-09
196# These locations have always used Santiago time; use TZ='America/Santiago'.
197
198# China - year-round bases
199# Great Wall, King George Island, -6213-05858, since 1985-02-20
200# Zhongshan, Larsemann Hills, Prydz Bay, -6922+07623, since 1989-02-26
201
202# France - year-round bases
203#
204# From Antoine Leca (1997-01-20):
205# Time data are from Nicole Pailleau at the IFRTP
206# (French Institute for Polar Research and Technology).
207# She confirms that French Southern Territories and Terre Adelie bases
208# don't observe daylight saving time, even if Terre Adelie supplies came
209# from Tasmania.
210#
211# French Southern Territories with year-round inhabitants
212#
213# Martin-de-Vivies Base, Amsterdam Island, -374105+0773155, since 1950
214# Alfred-Faure Base, Crozet Islands, -462551+0515152, since 1964
215# Port-aux-Francais, Kerguelen Islands, -492110+0701303, since 1951;
216#       whaling & sealing station operated 1908/1914, 1920/1929, and 1951/1956
217#
218# St Paul Island - near Amsterdam, uninhabited
219#       fishing stations operated variously 1819/1931
220#
221# Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
222Zone Indian/Kerguelen   0       -       zzz     1950    # Port-aux-Francais
223                        5:00    -       TFT     # ISO code TF Time
224#
225# year-round base in the main continent
226# Dumont-d'Urville, Ile des Petrels, -6640+14001, since 1956-11
227#
228# Another base at Port-Martin, 50km east, began operation in 1947.
229# It was destroyed by fire on 1952-01-14.
230#
231# Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
232Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 -      zzz     1947
233                        10:00   -       PMT     1952 Jan 14 # Port-Martin Time
234                        0       -       zzz     1956 Nov
235                        10:00   -       DDUT    # Dumont-d'Urville Time
236# Reference:
237# <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dumont_d'Urville_Station">
238# Dumont d'Urville Station (2005-12-05)
239# </a>
240
241# Germany - year-round base
242# Georg von Neumayer, -7039-00815
243
244# India - year-round base
245# Dakshin Gangotri, -7005+01200
246
247# Japan - year-round bases
248# Dome Fuji, -7719+03942
249# Syowa, -690022+0393524
250#
251# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1999-02-06):
252# In all Japanese stations, +0300 is used as the standard time.
253#
254# Syowa station, which is the first antarctic station of Japan,
255# was established on 1957-01-29.  Since Syowa station is still the main
256# station of Japan, it's appropriate for the principal location.
257# Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
258Zone Antarctica/Syowa   0       -       zzz     1957 Jan 29
259                        3:00    -       SYOT    # Syowa Time
260# See:
261# <a href="http://www.nipr.ac.jp/english/ara01.html">
262# NIPR Antarctic Research Activities (1999-08-17)
263# </a>
264
265# S Korea - year-round base
266# King Sejong, King George Island, -6213-05847, since 1988
267
268# New Zealand - claims
269# Balleny Islands (never inhabited)
270# Scott Island (never inhabited)
271#
272# year-round base
273# Scott, Ross Island, since 1957-01, is like Antarctica/McMurdo.
274#
275# These rules for New Zealand are stolen from the `australasia' file.
276# Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
277Rule    NZAQ    1974    only    -       Nov      3      2:00s   1:00    D
278Rule    NZAQ    1975    1988    -       Oct     lastSun 2:00s   1:00    D
279Rule    NZAQ    1989    only    -       Oct      8      2:00s   1:00    D
280Rule    NZAQ    1990    2006    -       Oct     Sun>=1  2:00s   1:00    D
281Rule    NZAQ    1975    only    -       Feb     23      2:00s   0       S
282Rule    NZAQ    1976    1989    -       Mar     Sun>=1  2:00s   0       S
283Rule    NZAQ    1990    2007    -       Mar     Sun>=15 2:00s   0       S
284Rule    NZAQ    2007    max     -       Sep     lastSun 2:00s   1:00    D
285Rule    NZAQ    2008    max     -       Apr     Sun>=1  2:00s   0       S
286
287# Norway - territories
288# Bouvet (never inhabited)
289#
290# claims
291# Peter I Island (never inhabited)
292
293# Poland - year-round base
294# Arctowski, King George Island, -620945-0582745, since 1977
295
296# Russia - year-round bases
297# Bellingshausen, King George Island, -621159-0585337, since 1968-02-22
298# Mirny, Davis coast, -6633+09301, since 1956-02
299# Molodezhnaya, Alasheyev Bay, -6740+04551,
300#       year-round from 1962-02 to 1999-07-01
301# Novolazarevskaya, Queen Maud Land, -7046+01150,
302#       year-round from 1960/61 to 1992
303
304# Vostok, since 1957-12-16, temporarily closed 1994-02/1994-11
305# <a href="http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/antarctica/QA/computers/Directions,Time,ZIP">
306# From Craig Mundell (1994-12-15)</a>:
307# Vostok, which is one of the Russian stations, is set on the same
308# time as Moscow, Russia.
309#
310# From Lee Hotz (2001-03-08):
311# I queried the folks at Columbia who spent the summer at Vostok and this is
312# what they had to say about time there:
313# ``in the US Camp (East Camp) we have been on New Zealand (McMurdo)
314# time, which is 12 hours ahead of GMT. The Russian Station Vostok was
315# 6 hours behind that (although only 2 miles away, i.e. 6 hours ahead
316# of GMT). This is a time zone I think two hours east of Moscow. The
317# natural time zone is in between the two: 8 hours ahead of GMT.''
318#
319# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-04):
320# This seems to be hopelessly confusing, so I asked Lee Hotz about it
321# in person.  He said that some Antartic locations set their local
322# time so that noon is the warmest part of the day, and that this
323# changes during the year and does not necessarily correspond to mean
324# solar noon.  So the Vostok time might have been whatever the clocks
325# happened to be during their visit.  So we still don't really know what time
326# it is at Vostok.  But we'll guess UTC+6.
327#
328Zone Antarctica/Vostok  0       -       zzz     1957 Dec 16
329                        6:00    -       VOST    # Vostok time
330
331# S Africa - year-round bases
332# Marion Island, -4653+03752
333# Sanae, -7141-00250
334
335# UK
336#
337# British Antarctic Territories (BAT) claims
338# South Orkney Islands
339#       scientific station from 1903
340#       whaling station at Signy I 1920/1926
341# South Shetland Islands
342#
343# year-round bases
344# Bird Island, South Georgia, -5400-03803, since 1983
345# Deception Island, -6259-06034, whaling station 1912/1931,
346#       scientific station 1943/1967,
347#       previously sealers and a scientific expedition wintered by accident,
348#       and a garrison was deployed briefly
349# Halley, Coates Land, -7535-02604, since 1956-01-06
350#       Halley is on a moving ice shelf and is periodically relocated
351#       so that it is never more than 10km from its nominal location.
352# Rothera, Adelaide Island, -6734-6808, since 1976-12-01
353#
354# From Paul Eggert (2002-10-22)
355# <http://webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/g.html> says Rothera is -03 all year.
356#
357# Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
358Zone Antarctica/Rothera 0       -       zzz     1976 Dec  1
359                        -3:00   -       ROTT    # Rothera time
360
361# Uruguay - year round base
362# Artigas, King George Island, -621104-0585107
363
364# USA - year-round bases
365#
366# Palmer, Anvers Island, since 1965 (moved 2 miles in 1968)
367#
368# From Ethan Dicks (1996-10-06):
369# It keeps the same time as Punta Arenas, Chile, because, just like us
370# and the South Pole, that's the other end of their supply line....
371# I verified with someone who was there that since 1980,
372# Palmer has followed Chile.  Prior to that, before the Falklands War,
373# Palmer used to be supplied from Argentina.
374#
375# Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
376Zone Antarctica/Palmer  0       -       zzz     1965
377                        -4:00   ArgAQ   AR%sT   1969 Oct 5
378                        -3:00   ArgAQ   AR%sT   1982 May
379                        -4:00   ChileAQ CL%sT
380#
381#
382# McMurdo, Ross Island, since 1955-12
383# Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
384Zone Antarctica/McMurdo 0       -       zzz     1956
385                        12:00   NZAQ    NZ%sT
386#
387# Amundsen-Scott, South Pole, continuously occupied since 1956-11-20
388#
389# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
390# Normally it wouldn't have a separate entry, since it's like the
391# larger Antarctica/McMurdo since 1970, but it's too famous to omit.
392#
393# From Chris Carrier (1996-06-27):
394# Siple, the first commander of the South Pole station,
395# stated that he would have liked to have kept GMT at the station,
396# but that he found it more convenient to keep GMT+12
397# as supplies for the station were coming from McMurdo Sound,
398# which was on GMT+12 because New Zealand was on GMT+12 all year
399# at that time (1957).  (Source: Siple's book 90 degrees SOUTH.)
400#
401# From Susan Smith
402# http://www.cybertours.com/whs/pole10.html
403# (1995-11-13 16:24:56 +1300, no longer available):
404# We use the same time as McMurdo does.
405# And they use the same time as Christchurch, NZ does....
406# One last quirk about South Pole time.
407# All the electric clocks are usually wrong.
408# Something about the generators running at 60.1hertz or something
409# makes all of the clocks run fast.  So every couple of days,
410# we have to go around and set them back 5 minutes or so.
411# Maybe if we let them run fast all of the time, we'd get to leave here sooner!!
412#
413Link    Antarctica/McMurdo      Antarctica/South_Pole
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