source: pmb4.2/trunk/fuentes/pmb/Licence_CeCILL_V2-en.html @ 819

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Initial release of pmb 4.2

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2<html>
3<head>
4<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
5<title>CeCILL FREE SOFTWARE LICENSINGE
6       AGREEMENT CeCILL</title>
7<style type="text/css">
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14     span.definition {font-weight: bold}
15     div.version {font-style: italic}
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21  </style>
22</head>
23<body>
24
25<h1 class="title">CeCILL FREE SOFTWARE LICENSE
26       AGREEMENT </h1>
27
28
29
30<div class="notice">
31<h2>Notice</h2>
32<p>
33This
34Agreement is a Free Software
35license agreement that is the result of
36discussions between its authors in order to ensure compliance with
37the two main principles guiding its drafting:</p>
38
39
40
41<ul>
42<li> firstly,
43compliance with the principles governing the distribution of Free Software:
44access to source code, broad rights granted to users,
45</li>
46<li>
47secondly, the election of a governing law, French law, with which it is
48conformant, both as regards the law of torts and
49intellectual property law, and the protection that it offers to
50both authors and holders of the economic rights over software.
51</li>
52</ul>
53
54
55<p>The
56 authors of the
57
58CeCILL<SUP><A HREF="#footnote1">1</A></SUP>
59license are:</p> 
60
61<p>Commissariat
62à l'Energie Atomique - CEA, a public
63scientific, technical and industrial establishment, having its
64principal place of business at 31-33 rue de la Fédération,
6575752  Paris
66cedex 15, France.</p>
67
68<p>Centre
69National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS,
70a public scientific and technological establishment, having its
71principal place of business at
723 rue Michel-Ange 75794 Paris cedex 16, France.</p> 
73
74<p>Institut
75National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique - INRIA,
76a public scientific and technological establishment, having its
77principal place of business at Domaine de Voluceau, Rocquencourt, BP
78105, 78153 Le Chesnay cedex, France.</p>
79
80</div>
81<div class="preamble">
82<h2>Preamble</h2>
83
84<p>The
85purpose of this Free Software
86license
87agreement
88is to grant users
89the right to modify and redistribute the software governed by this
90license within the framework of an open source
91distribution model. 
92</p>
93
94<p>The
95exercising of these rights is conditional upon certain obligations
96for users so as to  preserve this status
97 for all subsequent
98redistributions. </p>
99
100<p>In consideration of access to
101the source code and the rights to copy,
102modify and redistribute granted by the license, users are provided only
103with a limited warranty and the
104software's author, the holder of the economic rights, and the
105successive licensors only have limited liability.
106</p>
107
108<p>In
109this respect,
110
111the risks
112associated with loading, using, modifying and/or developing or
113reproducing the software by the user
114are brought to the user's attention,
115given its  Free Software
116status,
117which may  make it
118 complicated to use,
119
120with the result that its use is
121reserved for developers and experienced professionals having in-depth
122computer knowledge.
123Users are therefore encouraged to load and test the Software's suitability as
124regards their requirements in conditions enabling the security of their
125systems and/or data to be ensured and, more generally, to use and operate it
126in the same conditions of security. This Agreement may be freely reproduced
127and published, provided it is not altered, and that no
128provisions are either added or removed
129herefrom.</p> 
130
131<p>This
132Agreement may apply to any or all software for which the holder of
133the economic rights decides to submit the use
134thereof to its provisions.</p>
135
136</div>
137<div class="article">
138<h2> Article <span class="numbering">1 </span> - DEFINITIONS</h2>
139
140        <p>For
141        the purpose of this Agreement,
142        when the following expressions
143        commence with a capital letter, they shall have the following
144        meaning:</p>
145
146        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Agreement</span>:
147       
148        means this license
149        agreement, and
150        its possible subsequent versions and annexes.
151       
152        </p>
153
154        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Software</span>:
155       
156        means the software in its Object Code and/or Source Code form and,
157        where applicable, its documentation, "as is"
158        when the Licensee accepts the Agreement.
159       
160        </p>
161
162        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Initial Software</span>:
163       
164        means the Software in its Source Code and 
165        possibly its    Object Code form and, where applicable, its
166        documentation, "as is"  when it is
167        first distributed
168         under the terms and conditions of the
169        Agreement. 
170       
171        </p>
172
173        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Modified Software</span>:
174       
175        means the Software modified by at least one Contribution.
176       
177        </p>
178
179        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Source Code</span>:
180       
181        means all the Software's instructions and program lines to which
182        access is required so as to modify the Software.
183       
184        </p>
185
186        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Object Code</span>:
187       
188        means the binary files originating from the
189        compilation of the Source Code.
190       
191        </p>
192
193        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Holder</span>:
194       
195        means the holder(s) of the economic rights over the Initial Software.
196       
197        </p>
198
199        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Licensee</span>:
200       
201        means
202        the Software user(s) having accepted the Agreement.
203         
204        </p>
205
206        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Contributor</span>:
207       
208        means a Licensee having made at least one Contribution.
209       
210        </p>
211
212        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Licensor</span>:
213       
214        means the Holder, or any  other individual or legal
215        entity, who distributes the Software under
216        the Agreement. 
217       
218        </p>
219
220        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Contribution</span>:
221       
222        means any or all modifications,
223        corrections, translations, adaptations and/or new
224        functions
225        integrated into the Software by any or all Contributors,
226         as well as any or all
227          Internal Modules.
228       
229        </p>
230
231        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Module</span>:
232       
233        means a set of sources files including their documentation
234        that enables
235        supplementary
236        functions or services  in
237        addition to those offered by the Software.
238       
239        </p>
240
241        <p class="definition"><span class="definition"> External Module</span>:
242       
243        means any or all Modules,
244       
245        not derived from the Software,
246        so that this Module
247        and the Software  run in
248        separate address spaces, with one calling the other when they are
249        run.
250       
251        </p>
252
253        <p class="definition"><span class="definition"> Internal Module</span>:
254       
255        means any or all
256        Module,  connected to the Software  so that they both execute
257        in the same address space.
258       
259       
260        </p>
261
262       
263        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">GNU GPL</span>:
264       
265        means the GNU General Public License version 2 or any subsequent
266        version, as published by the Free Software Foundation Inc.
267       
268        </p>
269       
270
271        <p class="definition"><span class="definition">Parties</span>:
272       
273        mean both the Licensee and the Licensor.
274       
275        </p>
276
277        <p>These
278        expressions may be used both in singular and plural form.</p>
279
280</div>
281<div class="article">
282<h2> Article <span class="numbering">2 </span> - PURPOSE</h2>
283
284        <p>The
285        purpose of the Agreement is the grant
286        by the Licensor to  the
287        Licensee of a non-exclusive, transferable
288        and worldwide license
289        for the Software as set forth in Article <a href="#scope"><span class="numbering">5</span></a>
290        hereinafter for the whole term of the
291        protection
292        granted by the rights over said Software.
293        </p>
294
295</div>
296<div class="article">
297<h2> Article <span class="numbering">3 </span> - ACCEPTANCE</h2>
298
299        <div class="clause">
300        <p><a name="accepting"></a><span class="numbering">3.1 </span>The
301        Licensee shall be deemed as having accepted
302        the terms and conditions of this Agreement
303        upon the occurrence of the
304        first of the following events:</p>
305        <ul>
306        <li> (i)
307        loading the Software by any or all means, notably, by downloading
308        from a remote server, or by loading from a physical medium;</li>
309        <li> (ii)
310        the first time the Licensee exercises any of the rights granted
311        hereunder.</li>
312        </ul>
313        </div>
314
315        <div class="clause">
316        <p><span class="numbering">3.2 </span>One
317        copy of the Agreement, containing a notice relating to the
318         characteristics
319        of the  Software, to the limited warranty, and to the
320         fact that its use is
321        restricted to
322         experienced users has been provided to the
323        Licensee prior to its acceptance as set forth in Article
324        <a href="#accepting"><span class="numbering">3.1</span></a>
325        hereinabove, and the Licensee hereby acknowledges that it
326        has read and understood it.</p>
327        </div>
328
329</div>
330<div class="article">
331<h2> Article <span class="numbering">4 </span> - EFFECTIVE DATE AND TERM</h2>
332
333
334        <div class="clause">
335        <h3>
336<span class="numbering">4.1 </span>EFFECTIVE DATE</h3>
337
338        <p>The
339        Agreement shall become effective on the date when it is accepted by
340        the Licensee as set forth in Article <a href="#accepting"><span class="numbering">3.1</span></a>.</p>
341        </div>
342
343        <div class="clause">
344        <h3>
345<a name="term"></a><span class="numbering">4.2 </span>TERM</h3>
346
347        <p>The
348        Agreement shall remain in force
349        for the entire legal term of
350        protection of the economic rights over the Software.</p>
351
352        </div>
353
354</div>
355<div class="article">
356<h2>
357<a name="scope"></a> Article <span class="numbering">5 </span> - SCOPE OF  RIGHTS GRANTED</h2>
358
359        <p>The
360        Licensor hereby grants to the Licensee, who
361        accepts, the
362        following rights over the Software
363        for any or all use, and for
364        the term of the Agreement, on the basis of the terms and conditions
365        set forth hereinafter.
366        </p>
367        <p>
368       
369        Besides, if the Licensor owns or comes to
370        own one or more patents
371        protecting all or part of the
372        functions of the Software
373        or of its components,
374        the Licensor undertakes not to enforce the rights granted by these
375        patents against  successive Licensees using, exploiting or
376        modifying the Software. If these patents are
377        transferred,  the Licensor
378        undertakes to have the transferees subscribe to the
379        obligations set forth in this
380        paragraph.
381        </p>
382
383        <div class="clause">
384        <h3>
385<span class="numbering">5.1 </span>RIGHT OF USE</h3>
386
387        <p>The
388        Licensee is authorized to use the Software, without any limitation as to its fields
389        of application, with it being hereinafter
390        specified that this  comprises:
391        </p>
392        <ol>
393        <li><p>permanent
394        or temporary reproduction of all or part of the Software by any or
395        all means and in any or all form.
396        </p></li>
397        <li><p>loading,
398        displaying, running, or storing the Software on any or all
399        medium.</p></li> 
400        <li><p>entitlement
401                to observe, study or test
402                its operation
403                 so as to
404                 determine
405                the ideas and principles behind any or all
406                constituent elements of said Software. This shall apply when
407                the
408                Licensee carries out any or all loading, displaying, running,
409                transmission or storage operation as regards the Software,
410                that it is entitled to carry out hereunder.</p></li>
411        </ol>
412
413        </div>
414
415        <div class="clause">
416        <h3>
417<span class="numbering">5.2 </span>ENTITLEMENT TO MAKE CONTRIBUTIONS</h3>
418
419        <p>
420        The
421        right to make Contributions includes the right to translate, adapt,
422        arrange, or make any or all modifications to the Software,
423        and the
424        right to reproduce the resulting Software.</p>
425        <p>The
426        Licensee is authorized to make any or all Contributions to
427        the Software provided that it
428        includes an explicit notice that it is the
429        author
430        of said Contribution and indicates the date of the
431         creation thereof.</p>
432
433        </div>
434
435        <div class="clause">
436        <h3>
437<span class="numbering">5.3 </span>RIGHT OF DISTRIBUTION
438        </h3>
439
440        <p>In
441        particular, the right of distribution includes the
442        right to publish, transmit and communicate
443        the Software to the general public
444        on any or all medium, and by any or all means, and the right to
445        market, either in consideration of a fee, or free of charge,
446         one or more copies of the Software
447        by any
448        means.</p>
449        <p>The
450        Licensee is further authorized to
451        distribute copies of the
452        modified or unmodified Software to third parties according to the
453        terms and conditions set forth hereinafter.</p>
454
455        <div class="subclause">
456        <h4>
457<span class="numbering">5.3.1 </span>DISTRIBUTION OF SOFTWARE
458        WITHOUT MODIFICATION</h4>
459
460        <p>The
461        Licensee is authorized to distribute
462        true copies of the Software
463        in Source Code or Object Code form, provided that
464        said distribution
465        complies with all the provisions of the
466        Agreement and is accompanied by:</p>
467        <ol>
468                <li><p>a
469                copy of the Agreement,</p></li>
470                <li><p>a
471                notice relating to the limitation of both the Licensor's
472                warranty and liability as set forth in Articles 8 and 9,
473                </p></li>
474        </ol>
475        <p>and
476        that, in the event that only the   Object Code
477        of the Software is redistributed, the Licensee allows
478        future Licensees unhindered access to the
479       
480        full Source Code of the Software
481        by
482        indicating how to access it,
483        it being understood that the additional cost of acquiring the Source
484        Code shall not exceed the cost of transferring the data.
485        </p>
486
487        </div>
488
489        <div class="subclause">
490        <h4>
491<span class="numbering">5.3.2 </span>DISTRIBUTION OF MODIFIED  SOFTWARE</h4>
492
493        <p>When
494        the Licensee makes a Contribution to the Software, the terms and
495        conditions for the distribution
496        of the Modified Software become subject to all the provisions
497         of this Agreement.
498        </p>
499        <p>The
500        Licensee is authorized to distribute
501        the Modified Software, in
502        Source Code or Object Code form, provided that said
503        distribution
504        complies with all the provisions of the Agreement and is accompanied
505        by:
506        </p>
507        <ol>
508                <li><p>a
509                copy of the Agreement,</p></li>
510                <li>
511<p>a
512                notice relating to the limitation of both the Licensor's
513                warranty and liability as set forth in Articles 8 and 9,</p>
514                </li>
515        </ol>
516        <p>and
517        that, in the event that only the
518        Object Code of the Modified Software
519        is redistributed, the Licensee allows future Licensees
520        unhindered access to the
521        full Source Code of the Modified Software
522        by
523        indicating how to access it,
524        it being understood that the additional cost of acquiring the Source
525        Code shall not exceed the cost of transferring the data.
526        </p>
527
528        </div>
529
530        <div class="subclause">
531        <h4>
532<span class="numbering">5.3.3 </span>DISTRIBUTION OF
533        EXTERNAL MODULES</h4>
534
535        <p>When
536        the Licensee has developed
537        an External Module, the terms and
538        conditions
539        of this Agreement do not apply to said
540         External Module, that may be
541        distributed under a separate
542        license
543        agreement.</p>
544
545        </div>
546
547        <div class="subclause">
548        <h4>
549<a name="compatibility"></a><span class="numbering">5.3.4 </span>COMPATIBILITY WITH THE GNU GPL
550        </h4>
551
552       
553
554       
555        <p> The Licensee can include a code that is subject to the provisions
556            of one of the versions of the GNU GPL in the Modified or unmodified
557            Software, and distribute that entire code under the terms of the
558            same version of the GNU GPL.</p>
559
560        <p> The Licensee can include the Modified or unmodified Software in a
561            code that is subject to the provisions of one of the versions of
562            the GNU GPL, and distribute that entire code under the terms of
563            the same version of the GNU GPL.
564        </p>
565       
566
567        </div>
568
569        </div>
570
571</div>
572<div class="article">
573<h2> Article <span class="numbering">6 </span> - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
574       </h2>
575
576        <div class="clause">
577        <h3>
578<span class="numbering">6.1 </span>OVER THE INITIAL SOFTWARE</h3>
579
580        <p>The
581        Holder owns the economic rights over the Initial Software. Any or
582        all use of the Initial Software is subject to compliance with the
583        terms and conditions under which the Holder has elected to
584        distribute its work and no one shall be entitled to modify the terms
585        and conditions for the distribution of said Initial Software.</p>
586        <p>The
587        Holder undertakes  that the Initial
588        Software
589        will remain ruled at least by the current license,
590        for the duration set
591        forth in  article <a href="#term"><span class="numbering">4.2</span></a>.</p>
592
593        </div>
594
595        <div class="clause">
596        <h3>
597<span class="numbering">6.2 </span>OVER THE CONTRIBUTIONS</h3>
598
599        <p>
600       
601       
602        A Licensee who develops a Contribution is the owner
603        of the intellectual property rights over this Contribution
604         as  defined by
605         applicable law.</p>
606
607        </div>
608
609        <div class="clause">
610        <h3>
611<span class="numbering">6.3 </span>OVER THE 
612        EXTERNAL MODULES</h3>
613
614        <p>
615        A
616        Licensee
617       
618        who develops an External Module
619        is the owner of the intellectual property rights over
620        this External Module as defined by applicable law and is
621         
622        free to choose the type of agreement that shall govern its
623        distribution.</p> 
624
625        </div>
626
627        <div class="clause">
628        <h3>
629<span class="numbering">6.4 </span>JOINT PROVISIONS</h3>
630
631        <div class="subclause">
632        <p>The
633        Licensee expressly undertakes:</p>
634        <ol>
635        <li><p>not
636               to remove, or modify, in any  manner, the
637               intellectual
638               property notices
639               attached to the Software;</p></li>
640        <li>
641<p>to
642               reproduce said notices, in an identical manner, in the copies of
643               the Software modified or not.</p>
644               </li>
645        </ol>
646        </div>
647
648        <div class="subclause">
649        <p>The
650        Licensee undertakes not to directly or indirectly infringe
651        the intellectual property rights of the Holder and/or Contributors
652        on the Software
653        and to take, where applicable, vis-à-vis its staff, any
654        and
655        all measures required to ensure respect of
656        said intellectual
657        property rights of the Holder and/or Contributors.</p>
658        </div>
659
660        </div>
661
662</div>
663<div class="article">
664<h2> Article <span class="numbering">7 </span> - RELATED SERVICES</h2>
665
666        <div class="clause">
667
668        <p><span class="numbering">7.1 </span>Under
669        no circumstances shall the Agreement oblige the Licensor to provide
670        technical assistance or maintenance services for the Software.</p>
671
672        <p>However,
673        the Licensor is entitled to offer this type of
674        services. The terms
675        and conditions of such technical assistance, and/or such
676        maintenance, shall  be set forth in a separate
677        instrument. Only
678        the Licensor offering said maintenance and/or technical assistance
679        services shall incur liability therefor.</p>
680
681        </div>
682
683        <div class="clause">
684
685        <p><span class="numbering">7.2 </span>Similarly,
686        any Licensor is entitled to offer to its
687        licensees, under its
688        sole responsibility, 
689        a warranty, that shall only
690        be binding upon itself, for the redistribution of the Software
691        and/or the Modified Software, under terms and conditions
692        that
693        it is free to decide. Said warranty, and the financial
694        terms and conditions of its application, shall be subject
695        of a separate
696        instrument executed between the Licensor and the Licensee.</p>
697
698        </div>
699
700</div>
701<div class="article">
702<h2> Article <span class="numbering">8 </span> - LIABILITY</h2>
703
704        <div class="clause">
705        <p><span class="numbering">8.1 </span>Subject
706        to the provisions of Article 8.2,
707       
708        the Licensee shall be entitled to claim compensation for
709        any direct
710        loss  it may have suffered from the Software
711        as a result of a fault on the part of the relevant
712        Licensor, subject to
713        providing evidence thereof.
714        </p>
715        </div>
716
717        <div class="clause">
718        <p><span class="numbering">8.2 </span>The
719        Licensor's liability is limited to the commitments made under
720        this Agreement and shall not be incurred as a result of in
721        particular: (i)  loss due the Licensee's total or partial
722        failure to fulfill its obligations, (ii) direct or consequential
723        loss that is suffered by the Licensee due to the
724         
725        use or performance of the Software,
726       
727       
728        and (iii)
729        more generally, any
730        consequential loss. 
731        In particular
732        the Parties expressly
733        agree that any or all pecuniary or business loss (i.e. loss of data,
734        loss of profits, operating loss, loss of customers or orders,
735        opportunity cost, any disturbance to business activities) or any or
736        all legal proceedings instituted against the Licensee by a third
737        party, shall constitute consequential loss and shall not provide
738        entitlement to any or all compensation from the Licensor.
739        </p>
740        </div>
741
742</div>
743<div class="article">
744<h2> Article <span class="numbering">9 </span> - WARRANTY</h2>
745
746        <div class="clause">
747        <p><span class="numbering">9.1 </span>The
748        Licensee acknowledges that the
749        scientific and technical
750        state-of-the-art  when the Software
751        was
752        distributed did not enable all possible uses to be tested and
753        verified, nor for the presence of
754       
755        possible defects to be detected.
756        In this respect, the Licensee's attention has been drawn to
757        the risks associated with loading, using, modifying and/or
758        developing and reproducing the Software
759        which are reserved for
760        experienced users.</p>
761        <p>The
762        Licensee shall be responsible for verifying, by any or all means,
763        the product's suitability for its requirements, its good working order, and for
764        ensuring that it shall not cause damage
765        to either persons or
766        properties.
767        </p>
768        </div>
769
770        <div class="clause">
771        <p><a name="good-faith"></a><span class="numbering">9.2 </span>The Licensor
772        hereby represents, in good faith, that it is entitled to grant all
773        the rights over the  Software (including in
774        particular the rights set
775        forth in Article <a href="#scope"><span class="numbering">5</span></a>).</p>
776        </div>
777
778        <div class="clause">
779        <p><span class="numbering">9.3 </span>
780        The
781        Licensee acknowledges that the Software is supplied "as is"
782        by the Licensor without any  other express or tacit
783        warranty,
784        other than that provided for in Article
785        <a href="#good-faith"><span class="numbering">9.2</span></a> and, in particular,
786        without any  warranty as to its
787       
788        commercial value, its secured, safe,
789        innovative or relevant nature.
790        </p>
791        <p>Specifically,
792        the Licensor does not warrant that the Software is free from any
793         error, that it will
794        operate without interruption,
795        that it will be
796        compatible with the Licensee's own equipment and
797        software configuration,
798        nor that it will meet the
799        Licensee's requirements.   
800        </p>
801        </div>
802   
803        <div class="clause">
804        <p><span class="numbering">9.4 </span>The
805        Licensor does not either expressly or tacitly warrant that the
806        Software does not infringe any  third party
807        intellectual
808        property right
809        relating to a patent, software or  any
810        other property right.
811         Therefore, the Licensor disclaims any and all liability towards the
812        Licensee arising out of any or all proceedings for
813        infringement that may be
814        instituted in respect of the use, modification and redistribution of
815        the Software. Nevertheless, should such proceedings be instituted
816        against the Licensee, the Licensor shall provide it with technical
817        and legal assistance for its defense. Such technical and legal
818        assistance shall be decided  on a case-by-case basis
819        between the
820        relevant Licensor and the Licensee pursuant to a memorandum of
821        understanding. The Licensor disclaims any and
822        all liability as
823        regards the Licensee's use of the
824       
825        name of the Software. No
826        warranty is given as regards
827        the existence of prior rights
828        over the name of the Software or as regards
829        the existence of a trademark.</p>
830        </div>
831
832</div>
833<div class="article">
834<h2> Article <span class="numbering">10 </span> - TERMINATION</h2>
835
836        <div class="clause">
837        <p><span class="numbering">10.1 </span>
838        In the event of a breach by the
839        Licensee of its obligations hereunder, the Licensor may
840        automatically terminate this Agreement thirty (30)
841        days after
842        notice has been sent to the Licensee and has remained ineffective.</p>
843        </div>
844
845        <div class="clause">
846        <p><span class="numbering">10.2 </span>A
847        Licensee whose Agreement is terminated shall no longer be authorized
848        to use, modify or distribute the Software. However, any
849       
850        licenses that it may have granted prior to termination of the
851        Agreement shall remain valid subject to their having been granted in
852        compliance with the terms and conditions hereof.
853        </p>
854        </div>
855
856</div>
857<div class="article">
858<h2> Article <span class="numbering">11 </span> - MISCELLANEOUS </h2>
859
860        <div class="clause">
861        <h3>
862<span class="numbering">11.1 </span>EXCUSABLE EVENTS</h3>
863
864        <p>Neither
865        Party shall be liable for any or all delay, or failure to perform
866        the Agreement, that may be attributable to an event of force
867        majeure, an act of God or an outside cause, such as
868       
869        defective functioning or interruptions
870        of the electricity or
871        telecommunications networks, network
872        paralysis following a
873        virus attack,  intervention by
874         government authorities,
875        natural disasters, water damage,
876        earthquakes, fire, explosions,
877        strikes and labor unrest, war, etc.</p>
878       
879        </div>
880
881        <div class="clause">
882        <p><span class="numbering">11.2 </span>Any Failure by either
883        Party, on one or more
884        occasions, to invoke one or more of the
885        provisions hereof, shall under no
886        circumstances be interpreted as being a waiver by the interested
887        Party of its right to invoke said
888        provision(s) subsequently.</p> 
889        </div>
890
891        <div class="clause">
892        <p><span class="numbering">11.3 </span> The
893        Agreement cancels and replaces
894        any or all previous agreements, whether written or oral,
895        between the
896        Parties and having the same purpose, and constitutes the entirety of
897        the agreement between said Parties concerning said purpose. No
898        supplement or modification to the terms and conditions hereof shall
899        be effective as between the Parties
900        unless it is made in writing and
901        signed by their duly authorized representatives.
902        </p>
903        </div>
904
905        <div class="clause">
906        <p><span class="numbering">11.4 </span>In
907        the event that one or more
908        of the provisions hereof were to conflict with a current or future
909        applicable act or legislative text, said act or legislative text
910        shall prevail, and the Parties
911        shall make the necessary
912        amendments so as to comply with
913        said act or legislative
914        text. All  other provisions shall remain
915        effective. Similarly,
916        invalidity of a provision of the
917        Agreement,
918        for any reason whatsoever, shall not cause the Agreement as a whole
919        to be invalid.
920        </p>
921        </div>
922
923        <div class="clause">
924        <h3>
925<span class="numbering">11.5 </span>LANGUAGE</h3>
926
927        <p>The
928        Agreement is drafted in both French and English
929        and both versions are
930        deemed authentic.
931        </p>
932        </div>
933
934</div>
935<div class="article">
936<h2> Article <span class="numbering">12 </span> - NEW VERSIONS OF THE AGREEMENT</h2>
937 
938        <div class="clause">
939        <p><span class="numbering">12.1 </span>Any
940         person
941        is authorized to duplicate and distribute copies of
942        this Agreement.</p>
943        </div>
944 
945        <div class="clause">
946        <p><span class="numbering">12.2 </span>So
947        as to ensure coherence, the wording of this Agreement is protected
948        and may only be modified by the authors of the License,
949        who reserve
950        the right to periodically publish updates or new versions of the
951        Agreement, each with a separate number. These subsequent versions
952        may
953        address new issues encountered by Free Software.
954        </p>
955        </div>
956
957        <div class="clause">
958        <p><span class="numbering">12.3 </span>Any
959       
960        Software distributed under a given version of the Agreement
961        may only be subsequently distributed under the same version of the
962        Agreement or a subsequent version, subject to the provisions of
963        Article <a href="#compatibility"><span class="numbering">5.3.4</span></a>.
964        </p>
965        </div>
966</div>
967<div class="article">
968<h2> Article <span class="numbering">13 </span> - GOVERNING LAW AND JURISDICTION</h2>
969
970        <div class="clause">
971        <p><span class="numbering">13.1 </span>
972        The Agreement is governed by French law.  The
973        Parties agree to endeavor to seek an amicable
974        solution to any disagreements or disputes
975        that may arise during the performance of
976        the Agreement.
977        </p>
978        </div>
979
980        <div class="clause">
981        <p><span class="numbering">13.2 </span>Failing an amicable solution
982        within two (2) months as from their
983        occurrence, and unless emergency proceedings are necessary, the
984        disagreements
985        or disputes shall be referred to the Paris Courts having
986        jurisdiction, by the more diligent
987        Party.
988        </p>
989        </div>
990
991</div>
992
993<div class="footnote">
994        <p><a name="footnote1">
995        1
996        CeCILL stands for Ce(a) C(nrs) I(nria) L(logiciel) L(ibre)
997        </a></p> 
998</div>
999
1000<div class="version">Version 2.0 dated 2005-05-21.</div>
1001</body>
1002</html>
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